Jurnal Ilmiah Kanderang Tingang https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT <p>Jurnal Ilmiah Kanderang Tingang is a journal managed by the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Palangka Raya. This journal is published 2 (two) times a year. This journal was originally intended to publish articles on research results from all study programs within the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Palangka Raya (FKIP UPR) since 2010. In its journey, this journal was no longer published since 2013 until the end of 2016. In 2017 the Jurnal Ilmiah Kanderang Tingang was re-published in print by publishing articles on research results in the field of chemistry education until 2020. This is because all the editors and reviewers of the Jurnal Ilmiah Kanderang Tingang are from the chemical education study program of FKIP UPR. At the end of 2020, this journal was returned to its original purpose, namely to publish articles on research results covering all study programs at the Faculty of Teacher Training and Education from all over Indonesia, we even opened up opportunities for articles from abroad to talk about education. The focus and scope of the article includes curriculum, educators, students, learning environment, assessment and evaluation of education/learning. All educational science clusters can be covered, including science education, social education, vocational education, education management, educational technology, and character education. This journal has been accredited by Sinta 4 starting with volume 9 publication number 1 in 2018.</p> en-US <p>Copyright Ⓒ Author</p> admin@chem-upr.education (Nopriawan Berkat Asi) jkanderangtingang@gmail.com (Nopriawan Berkat Asi) Sat, 24 Jun 2023 00:00:00 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Development of Biology Module Teaching Materials on Scientific Method Material in Class X SMA Negeri 2 Pangkalan Bun https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/218 <p><em>The purpose of writing this article is to assess the feasibility of biology teaching materials (learning modules) in the Scientific Method material for class X SMA This study uses a quasi-experimental method. The research design uses a one group pretest-posttest design. Test the effectiveness of the module using a one group pretest-posttest design only which involves 54 students of class X MIPA class of 2022/2023. Observations made at Pangkalan Bun 2 Public High School in biology subjects, it was found that the scientific method material contained misconceptions so researchers needed to develop teaching materials related to the scientific method. The feasibility of the material in teaching materials (learning modules) is evaluated at three stages of development, namely initial investigation, curriculum analysis, concept analysis, and at the same time this research also ensures the feasibility of the modules that have been developed. The results of the pretest and posttest analysis given to the treatment class showed an increase in the completeness score of 66.67%. The class given the implementation of the scientific method module experienced an increase in value from 11.11% to 77.78%. Data analysis using N- Gain shows the class where the scientific method module is implemented shows an N-Gain score of 0.32 which indicates a medium category n-Gain value, even though the N-Gain effectiveness category obtained shows a percentage of 52.56% indicating less effective . This shows that the biology module material for scientific method is quite feasible to use.</em></p> Yula Miranda, Evita Waindriyani Copyright (c) 2023 Yula Miranda, Evita Waindriyani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/218 Mon, 10 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Development Of Teaching Materials eLEMA-Based Peat Swamp Ecosystem Material https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/231 <p>Interactive digital media based on android application eLEMA (Electronic Learning Material) is the implementation of distance education through online internet networks, a solution for effective teaching and learning activities (KBM). Supporting Ecosystem Material, especially Peat Swamp Forest Ecosystems, which are still minimal. Development research using the Research and Development (R&amp;D) model of Hannafin and Peck consists of 3 phases Analysis, Design, Develop/Implementation. The results of eLEMA-based digital teaching materials research produce products in the form of RPS, teaching materials, material supplements and LKM have fulfilled the components as learning devices and can be used in the learning process. Based on the results of validation from material experts, media experts and student responses with good criteria and feasible to use. The eLEMA application makes it easy for students to access materials online and offline</p> Elga Araina, Shanty Savitri; Sugeng Mashabhi; Fernando Pratama Copyright (c) 2023 Sugeng Mashabhi; Elga Araina https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/231 Mon, 10 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Management of Learning Media in Public Elementary Schools 2 Samba Bakumpai Central Katingan https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/239 <p>The purpose of this study was to describe the planning, utilization, and maintenance of instructional media in SDN 2 Samba bakumpai. The research is a qualitative research design with phenomenology. Sources in the research is the principal and teachers at SDN 2 Samba bakumpai. Data collection technique were interview, observation and documentation. Analysis of data using an interactive model. This study has three outcomes. (1) Planning the learning media is an inventory of types of instructional media, merelevansikan media teaching materials, confirming media with other teachers or friends of the group, preparing a book support package from the government, and pour the planned use of the media in the learning device; (2) The use of instructional media is able to show a medium of learning makes the students more easily understand the teaching materials, instructional media were able to show increasing curiosity about the new sciences, capable of showing the learning media help teachers explain the learning material, and be able to demonstrate learning media reduces verbal learning theory; (3) Maintenance of instructional media is keeping the medium of learning material or objects in special cabinets, learning media in the form of a file stored on the computer, non-academic learning media such as marching band and tambourine are stored in a special room, and the media is damaged beyond repair maintenance direct teachers or experts .</p> Yossita Wisman, Marni Copyright (c) 2023 Yossita Wisman, Marni https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/239 Mon, 10 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Learning theories emerged along Learning Theory Appears Alongside Cognitive Learning Theory https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/238 <p>This research is to reveal the conception of learning in a psychological and Islamic perspective, learning is a process activity and is a very fundamental element in every type and level of education organizing activity. This means that the success or failure of achieving educational goals is very dependent on the learning process experienced by students, both when they are at school or in their own home or family environment. Learning theory is a pragmatic and eclectic theory. A theory with this nature is almost certainly never extreme. There is no learning theory that pays extreme attention to students only, teachers only, curriculum only, and so on. This research approach is through qualitative methods using library data without statistical data as in the quantitative method, so that its activities are often referred to as library research. In general, the results of this study prove that the cognitive view sees learning as something active. They take the initiative to find experience to learn, seek information to solve problems, rearrange and organize what already exists, whereas in an Islamic perspective, learning is an obligation for every Muslim in order to acquire knowledge and knowledge so that the level of his life increases. This is stated in the Qur'an surah al-Mujadilah verse 11 Allah will exalt those who believe among you and those who are given knowledge of several degrees. Science in this case is of course in the form of knowledge that is relevant to the demands of the times and is beneficial to human life.</p> Amjad Aiwan, Martin Kustati, Nana Sepriyanti Copyright (c) 2023 Amjad Aiwan, Martin Kustati, Nana Sepriyanti https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/238 Mon, 10 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Implementation of Portfolio Instruments in Measuring Critical Thinking Ability of Class X IPS 1 MAN 1 Bantul in History Subject https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/237 <p>The problem found in this study is the difficulty of students in thinking critically. This study aims to determine the ability to think critically in the process of discussing history in class X IPS 1 at MAN 1 Bantul, the efforts of teachers to improve critical thinking skills in discussions, and the obstacles faced by teachers and students in increasing critical thinking in discussions. 1) Based on the results of data obtained from 30 students of class X IPS 1 students' critical thinking skills have the highest score on the persistence indicator of 70.67% in the medium category, the solution indicator is 69.33% in the medium category, logical reasoning indicators, evaluation arguments, and decision making by 68.67% in the medium category, collaboration indicators by 68% in the medium category, information analysis indicators by 67.33% in the medium category, problem identification indicators and argument indicators by 66.67% in the medium category, creativity indicator of 61.33% with low category. 2) the teacher's effort to improve students' critical thinking in history learning is to use the presentation method followed by discussion. 3) Obstacles faced by students of class X IPS 1 MAN 1 Bantul, namely difficulties in studying and analyzing a history learning topic during discussion activities.</p> Dito Fernando, Adnan Hidayat Purnama, Luqdina Aprilia Hapsari, Lusia B. Rebon Copyright (c) 2023 Dito Fernando, Adnan Hidayat Purnama, Luqdina Aprilia Hapsari, Lusia B. Rebon https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/237 Thu, 13 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Student Worksheet Development for Discovery Learning On Salt Hydrolysis in Senior Hing School https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/219 <p>The implementation of <em>the discovery learning</em> model&nbsp; is that students are able to construct their own knowledge that they must master through 6 (six) stages of learning discovery, namely: <em>(i) stimulation; (ii) problem statements; (iii) data collection;(iv) data processing; (v) verification; (vi) generalization</em>. In its application, students need a study guide to be able to carry out discovery learning activities independently to obtain new knowledge, this research aims to produce a Student Worksheet (LKS) as a learning guide in learning salt hydrolysis with <em>a discovery learning </em>&nbsp;model in class XI high school students<em>.</em> The development of LKS was carried out by adapting the 4-D development model (<em>define, design, d evelop, disseminate</em>) from Thiagarajan. The resulting LKS products are assessed for feasibility using <em>professional judgement</em> by involving chemists, pedagogists, and learning media experts. The revised LKS product based on expert input is then tested for readability by potential users.&nbsp; Furthermore, LKS is implemented on a limited basis in chemistry learning in schools to determine its effectiveness in guiding discovery learning activities and improving students' understanding of the concept of salt hydrolysis.&nbsp; The limited implementation trial was carried out using a pre-experimental design of the <em>One-Shot Case Study</em> model involving 69 high school students in Palangka Raya city.&nbsp; The results showed that the LKS developed was suitable for use with a feasibility value of 92.45%.&nbsp; The effectiveness of LKS in guiding students to carry out discovery learning activities is in the very good category with an average of 97.75% and LKS is effective in improving students' mastery of the concept of salt hydrolysis by obtaining an average N-Gain score of 0.89.</p> Triliyansi Triliyansi, Abudarin Abudarin, Akhmad Damsyik, Agus Haryono, Abdul Hadjranul Fatah, Sri Rohaetin Copyright (c) 2023 Triliyansi Triliyansi, Abudarin Abudarin, Akhmad Damsyik, Agus Haryono, Abdul Hadjranul Fatah, Sri Rohaetin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/219 Fri, 14 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Teacher Creativity in Overcoming Limited PJOK Learning Facilities Infrastructure https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/240 <p>This study aimed to determine teachers' creativity level to overcome the limitations of infrastructure in the PJOK learning process in junior high schools in the Katingan Tengah District, Katingan Regency. This research is a quantitative descriptive study. The method used in this study is a survey method with data collection techniques using questionnaires as primary data, observation, and documentation as secondary data. The population of this study was all PJOK teachers in junior high schools throughout Katingan Tengah District Katingan Regency, totaling 23 teachers. Analysis of the data used is a descriptive analysis of the percentage. The results showed that the creativity of sports and health physical education teachers in responding to the limitations of physical education facilities and infrastructure in junior high schools throughout Katingan Tengah District, Katingan Regency as a whole was categorized as one teacher (4%) in the very high category, six teachers (26.09%) in the category high, ten teachers (43.48%) in the medium category, four teachers (17.39%) in the low category, and two teachers (8.70%) in the very low category. The conclusion is that the creation of physical education and health teachers in response to the limitations of physical education facilities and infrastructure in junior high schools throughout Sukoharjo District, Sukoharjo Regency is in the medium category (43.48%)</p> Akhmad Syarif, Dewi Ratna Juwita, Yositta Wisman Copyright (c) 2023 Akhmad Syarif, Dewi Ratna Juwita, Yositta Wisman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/240 Fri, 14 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Semantic Analysis: The Value of Friendship between Piko and Ucup through the Dialogue of the Film Mencuri Raden Saleh https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/243 <p><em>Mencuri Raden Saleh</em> is a film that tells the story of the lives of young people. It starts with Piko (Iqbaal Ramadhan), an art student who is struggling to find money to support himself and trying to free his father who is in prison. Researchers use semantic meaning which is a part of linguistics that examines meaning or significance (Parera, 2004). The value of friendship is mutual understanding between individuals, understanding all things that are liked, hated, needed, as well as the elements that make up a feeling that requires each individual to trust each other, help each other, and work together to develop common goals (Pangle in Julia, 2021). Researchers used qualitative methods in analyzing data and descriptive methods in presenting research data. The technique used in data collection is the Talk Free Involvement Listening Technique (Zaim, 2014). Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded, namely 1) dominant semantic meaning can be carried out, namely emotive and ideational meanings, 2) friendship values ​​that arise, namely mutual support, mutual trust, and responsibility for the difficulties experienced by the two friends , and 3) this research can also be a reference in understanding the value of friendship for students and used as research material that can be developed in social life.</p> Reza Pahlevi Ginting, Abdul Azis Copyright (c) 2023 Reza Pahlevi Ginting, Abdul Azis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/243 Mon, 17 Jul 2023 17:15:38 +0700 Online Chemistry Learning at SMA Negeri 5 Palangka Raya https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/250 <p>Since online learning was implemented, SMA Negeri 5 Palangka Raya as part of the education implementers in Central Kalimantan has been trying to find solutions and innovate to provide the best educational services for students. Likewise in learning chemistry, chemistry teachers must ensure that students can accept the concepts and material provided through online learning. This study aims to explore students' constraints and difficulties in conducting online learning related to understanding concepts in chemistry learning. This research also provides an overview of the implementation of online learning and evaluations that need to be carried out in preparation for the new school year. The subjects in this study were 103 students of class XI MIPA at SMA Negeri 5 Palangka Raya. Data was obtained from student responses regarding chemistry learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic using an online questionnaire. Then it is processed by changing each response to the question items into a percentage of the number of responses and triagulated with responses in the form of reasons. From the results of the study, it was concluded that most students can carry out online learning with various learning platforms. The level of attendance and enthusiasm of students is quite high and some students do not feel burdened by online learning. In terms of material understanding, difficulties are felt in material related to symbols, formulas, calculations and reaction mechanisms as well as microscopic aspects. Obstacles that are felt are divided into technical constraints, constraints on teaching methods and materials, as well as internal student constraints.</p> Christina Nopriani Copyright (c) 2023 Christina Nopriani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/250 Mon, 17 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Fuel Efficiency In Chopper Engines https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/196 <p>Increasing fuel consumption efficiency is a challenge in the development of choppers machine. Multiple testing procedures must be performed in order to improve. aims to evaluate the performance of automobiles running on fuel that meets RON 90 and 92 requirements. The test is performed three times with a consistent angle of cut of 10 degrees at an engine speed of 2,700 rpm.The duration of the combustion engine's operation has an impact on fuel usage. The average consumption difference between the 1800 and 1200 second tests utilizing the cutting load at RON 90 is up to 2% better. With the same amount of time as the prior test, the RON 92 testing showed a 0.5% improvement in fuel efficiency. Speed increases result in more thorough combustion, thus reduces fuel usage. High chopping speeds can be used by users to improve fuel economy.</p> Wiyogo Wiyogo, Yesninopy, Maria Ulfah, Desvarado Sinamulang, Trio Al Khafi Copyright (c) 2023 Wiyogo Wiyogo, Yesninopy, Maria Ulfah, Desvarado Sinamulang, Trio Al Khafi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/196 Mon, 31 Jul 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Smart Geometry Dolls are A Solution for Reducing Plastic Waste And Learning Interesting Mathematics https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/257 <p>The problem of plastic waste in Indonesia is still an unresolved environmental problem. The high interest in using plastic by the community is one of the causes of the high plastic waste. Therefore, an initiative is needed to reduce plastic waste, one of which is the creative idea of ​​making a Smart Geometry Doll (BGS) product by utilizing plastic waste into something valuable and very useful. The purpose of this program is to analyze business opportunities through the manufacture of Geometry Smart Doll products as a solution for reducing plastic waste and learning interesting mathematics. The methods include: (1) Pre-production stage, this stage is carried out by procuring tools and materials, surveying raw materials, and leasing third-party services. (2) Production stage, at this stage plastic waste recycling, QR code and website creation, and doll sewing process (3) Marketing and promotion stage, BGS marketing is carried out online in the marketplace and offline at Muhammadiyah Elementary Schools in East Java. The results: (1) Smart geometry dolls that have flat-shaped characteristics, (2) QR codes and websites (3) Sales of BGS products from August to September were 34 dolls, with a profit of Rp. 455,600. Conclusion The Geometry Smart Doll product has a pretty promising selling power, and the results of the production have received quite an encouraging response from the public.</p> Sindi Novelia Copyright (c) 2023 Sindi Novelia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/257 Tue, 12 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Form Of Participation Of The Dayak Ma'anyan Tribe Communities In Educational Provisions In High School https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/260 <p>The aim of the research is to reach the undesrtanding participants of parents in raising the quality of leraning process education at elementary school,subtitial role and school management. The research design is&nbsp; qualitative approach its conduct at SMAN 1 Banua Lima in&nbsp; Tamiang Layang East Barito Central.Kalimantan.The method of the study is Comparative study using Fenomology approach. The research address at SMAN 1 Banua Lima at East Barito regency based on the recommendation from Education and Culture Drpartment of East Barito Regency. The research emphasized in participating of parents who mostly called as society of Dayak Ma'anyan in East Barito. The data collection gain by doing interviewing,observing and school documents.The interview has four stages. First Data condensation, second data mode,third data verification adnd four data conclusion. The result of the data meet that the participant of tje society who is parents from Dayak Ma'anyan support well to increase the quality of education for the students.The participation of parents implement in guiding the learning process for their children,controlling thr development personalization of their children,giving the facilities the children needs ,giving the evaluation of the school program,giving critical thinking controlling of the using school expenses and also giving the suggestion and collaborative ideas from.parents and the public figures societies.</p> Eshariyani Copyright (c) 2023 Eshariyani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/260 Fri, 15 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Application of Transformational Leadership Strategies in Improving the Performance of Educational Organizations https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/259 <p>In this ever-evolving and complex context, the need for leaders who are able to face various challenges in the world of education is increasingly important. Transformational leadership, which focuses on motivating and inspiring organizational members to reach their full potential, has been recognized as a potentially powerful approach to coping with change and achieving better results. Through this research, it adopts a library research approach with the aim of gathering information and scientific papers related to literature reviews in the field of literature. The results of the analysis show that the implementation of transformational leadership strategies has a significant impact on the performance of educational organizations. Leaders who adopt this approach are able to create an inspiring work environment, encourage innovation, and develop collaboration among staff and faculty members. The ability to articulate a strong vision, provide intrinsic drive, and facilitate ongoing professional development are key elements of successful transformational leadership. However, several challenges were found in the implementation of transformational leadership strategies, such as resistance to change and the need for adequate support and training. Therefore, this research also suggests steps that can be taken to overcome these obstacles and maximize the benefits of implementing transformational leadership strategies in improving the performance of educational organizations. In conclusion, the implementation of transformational leadership strategies has a significant role in improving the performance of educational organizations. By inspiring, motivating and developing individuals, leaders who adopt this approach are able to create a productive and innovative work environment. As such, this research contributes to our understanding of how transformational leadership can be an important factor in achieving success in educational organizations.</p> Lamirin, Joko Santoso, Panir Selwen Copyright (c) 2023 Lamirin, Joko Santoso, Panir Selwen https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/259 Fri, 29 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0700 School Management In Improving The Quality Of Education At The Elementary Level https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/262 <p>The school management can mean everything pertaining to the management of the educational process to achieve the stated goals, both short-term goals, medium, or panjang. Tujuan term goal of this research was to determine the school management to improve the quality of education, to include: (1) Planning school programs; (2) The implementation of school programs and (3) Barriers faced. This study used a qualitative approach with descriptive methods, techniques of data collection is done through interview, observation guidelines, and documentation. Subjects were principals, supervisors and teachers in primary schools Boarding School-2 &nbsp;Middle Katingan district. Research results found: (1) planning school programs include: teaching programs, including: the need of teachers sharing teaching duties, procurement of textbooks, teaching tools and props, procurement or development of school laboratories, procurement or development of school libraries, system of assessment of learning outcomes, and curricular activities; (2) The implementation of school programs that the strategy adopted to achieve the improvement of the quality of education, include: socialization program, SWOT analysis, problem solving, quality improvement, and monitoring and evaluating the implementation of school programs; and (3) Barriers in planning school programs, among others, lack of community participation and economic difficulties so that their support for the management of low participating schools. It is expected that supervisors in order to direct and supervise principals in improving the quality of education on school program planning, program implementation and obstacles faced by appropriate, effective and efficient so that the quality of education in the schools can be improved.</p> Ernawatie, Yossita Wisman, Akhmad Syarif Copyright (c) 2023 Ernawatie, Yossita Wisman, Akhmad Syarif https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 https://chem-upr.education/ojs/index.php/JIKT/article/view/262 Mon, 02 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700